A balanced diet, sufficient sleep and exercise avoiding too much stress are the key to a healthy lifestyle. However, regular health checks are just as important in preventing ill health.
Many women do not notice straight away when they become unwell, perhaps because there are no symptoms, or they put the symptoms they do feel down to something else. However, with specific diagnostics examinations, physical changes can be identified in good time and the right treatment given. Early detection is particularly important when it comes to cancer.
At the Women’s Health Center Cologne, we specialise in prevention and early detection of diseases and conditions that affect women. In our determination to provide outstanding diagnostic services, we use the latest technology and maintain close networks with all the various teams of experts at the University Clinic of Cologne.
Diagnosis and treatment of mood disorders during menopause
During menopause, women may experience a wide range of physical and psychological symptoms, and in most cases these symptoms are in fact related to each other. Hormonal changes during menopause can lead to mood disorders and increase feelings of stress. However, there is no need to simply accept and live with problems such as hot flushes, sleep problems and/or a weak bladder. These symptoms of menopause can be prevented and treated.
- Hot flushes
- Disturbed sleep
- Depression and mood swings
- Irritability and aggression
- Poor concentration and a drop in performance
- Tiredness and a lack of drive
- Weak bladder
- Vaginal dryness
- Loss of libido
- Bleeding, either intermittent or constant
Prevention of secondary diseases:
- Cardiovascular disease
Early detection of cancer in the female genital organs
The symptoms of cancers in the female genital organs are such that they are often not detected until very late. However, specific gynaecological examinations can detect early-stage cancer. This not only greatly improves the chances of recovery, it can often also prevent the cancer from spreading. The Women’s Health Center Cologne uses state-of-the-art diagnostic equipment for early detection of cancers of the cervix, uterus and ovaries.
- Thorough physical examination
- Video colposcopy to examine the cervix
- Vulvoscopy to assess the external genitalia
- Tissue sampling and pathological analysis in the laboratory
- Cervical (Pap) smear test
- Cone biopsy in the early stages of cancer (minor surgical procedure on the cervix to remove altered tissue)
- High-resolution sonography
Early detection of breast cancer
Although breast cancer is the most common form of cancer in women, the chances of recovery are very good. The sooner the disease is detected, the more successfully it can be treated. Women of all ages should regularly check their own breasts and look out for changes and lumps. A mammogram, a special kind of X-ray that looks at the breast on two levels, is the most reliable method for detecting breast cancer at an early stage. At the Women’s Health Center Cologne, the latest diagnostic equipment is used, a digital mammogram, which not only reduces the exposure to radiation but also provides a more exact diagnosis. Dense mammary gland tissue is much easier to identify with this advanced process, and micro calcification is easier to delineate.
- 3D/4D ultrasound
- Digital mammography
- Magnetic resonance imaging (MRT)
- Physical examination
- Prophylactic removal of the mammary tissue where there is a proven genetic predisposition and/or risk of breast cancer
- Molecular-genetic diagnostics in women with a family history of breast cancer further information
Early detection of skin changes around the external genitalia and early detection of vulvar cancer
Changes in the skin of the vulva can sometimes be a sign of cancer (vulvar cancer). Other causes could be infections, degenerative diseases, autoimmune diseases or benign tumours. However, any signs of change or causes of concern must be thoroughly investigated. In many cases, a diagnosis is possible following a physical examination and based on the typical appearance. At the Women's Health Center Cologne technical -diagnostic procedures-, such as high-resolution video colposcopy are used to obtain an extermely precise assessment of changes. In some cases, it may be necessary to take a tissue sample in order to make an exact diagnosis.
- Physical examination
- High-resolution video colposcopy / vulvoscopy
- Gynaecological sonography (ultrasound examination)
- Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
- Cervical smear and/or tissue removal (biopsy) and histological examination